Smooth heavy workers

Lubricants. Current and upcoming exhaust standards for commercial vehicles and machines do not only require engine technologies themselves but also respective fuels and lubricants. The lubricant expert ADDINOL offers the suitable product range.

In the last years, new emission standards for heavy commercial vehicles and mobile machinery came into effect in Europe and the United States according to the demands of the Euro 4 and Euro 5 emission standards step by step. Since 2010 the Euro 5 standard has been valid for new heavy commercial vehicles, from 2011 it is binding for machines used in construction industry as well. The significant reduction of nitrogen oxides and particles means tightened demands on exhaust treatment systems and engine oils at the same time. Innovative technologies force lubricant manufacturers to adjust the formulation of engine oils in ever shorter intervals.

Valid standards
Apart from the OEM approvals the specifications of ACEA (Association des Constructeurs Européens d’Automobiles) and API (American Petroleum Institute) set the standards concerning engine oils. ACEA specifications describe characteristics of engine oils which are required by almost all OEM.

Fitting lubricants
They define the limits with regard to features such as engine cleanliness, ageing behaviour, wear protection, fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. To engine oils used in heavy commercial vehicles ACEA sequence E is applied. This sequence in turn is subdivided into classes E4, E6, E7 and E9. ACEA E6 and E9 demand the limitation of ash-forming substances in engine oils for commercial vehicles. At the same time they presuppose fuels meeting Western European standards. The latest specification ACEA E9 sums up European and US-American engine tests according to API CJ-4 for the first time establishing a direct connection between ACEA and API based on equal requirements of test runs.

Detailed requirements
Among other things the classes ACEA E6 and ACEA E9 differ regarding their maximum content of sulphated ash, phosphorus and sulphur resulting in the classification into Low SAPS and Mid SAPS oils: the demands on the content of these substances are clearly stricter for Low SAPS oils according to ACEA E6 in comparison to Mid SAPS products meeting ACEA E9.

Specifications and approvals
ADDINOL, the German expert for high-performance lubricants, offers a broad range of lubricants and function fluids for almost any vehicle type. The new engine oils ADDINOL Professional 1040 E9 and 1540 E9 exceed the requirements of ACEA E9 and are available in SAE grades 10W-40 and 15W-40. 
They meet and exceed international specifications according to ACEA E9/E7 and API CJ-4/SM. In addition they meet the requirements according to MB-Approval 228.31, MAN M 3575, Volvo VDS-4 (including VDS-3, VDS-2, VDS), MTU Oil category 2.1, Renault RLD-3, Deutz DQC III-05, Caterpillar ECF-3, ECF-2, ECF-1-a, Mack EO-O Premium Plus, Cummins CES 20081 and Detroit Diesel DDC 93K218.

German article published in Kran- und Hebetechnik October 2011 (view German article here)

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